Celiac disease symptoms vary depending on whether it is about adults, children or babies.
Celiac disease symptoms in adults
Symptoms in adults can vary significantly. Although the classic signs of diarrhea and weight loss, most people with celiac disease will experience little or no symptoms related to digestion. Only about 1/3 of the people diagnosed with celiac disease experience diarrhea. Therefore, about half have weight loss. 20% of people with celiac disease have a prison. And 10% are obese. In addition to digestive problems may be presents, and other signs and symptoms of celiac disease:
- Anemia, usually due to iron deficiency
- Loss of bone density (osteoporosis) or softening of the bones (osteomalacia)
- Vesicular rash on the skin that itches (dermatitis herpetiformis)
- Damage to tooth enamel
- A headache and fatigue
- Problems related to the nervous system, including numbness and tingling in the feet and hands, and the possibility of problems with balance
- Joint pain
- Decreased function of the spleen (hypersplenism)
- Acid reflux and heartburn
It is necessary to distinguish between celiac disease and an allergy to gluten. Therefore, celiac disease is considered a severe form of allergy to gluten and is a much more serious condition. Allergy to gluten is caused by an allergic reaction to gluten in food. Reducing the complete expulsion of gluten in food allergic people will lead to the cessation of symptoms.
Allergy to gluten – symptoms
In adults include vomiting, headache, and abdominal pain.
Adults who suffer from allergies to gluten may experience symptoms related to digestion. Allergy to gluten is difficult to detect at first glance, because adults may occasionally suffer from diarrhea, constipation, and flatulence.
Adults who have celiac disease, a severe form of gluten allergies, may experience headaches, migraines, and muscle coordination problem.
Even without intestinal damage associated with celiac disease, an allergy to gluten causes damage to other organs, including the bones, skin, joints and even the heart.
Celiac disease symptoms in children
Even 75% of children with celiac disease have the problem of obesity. Signs and symptoms associated with digestion of food experiences from 20 to 30% of children with celiac disease, although the exact signs and symptoms vary depending on the age of the child.
Celiac disease – symptoms in children:
- Slow growth
- Delayed puberty
- Neurological symptoms, including inattention/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), learning difficulties, headaches and lack of muscle coordination
- Allergy to gluten that is manifested in children
When it comes to an allergy to gluten – how it manifests itself in children?
In the beginning, a child who suffers from gluten allergies can have chronic diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. If the child has unexplained weight loss, doctors may suspect that it is allergic to gluten.
As childhood is a crucial period of development, children are especially vulnerable to serious, permanent damage as a result of an allergy to gluten, especially if it is a serious condition – celiac disease. It is important to eliminate as many foods containing gluten from the diet, in order to prevent possible delay in development. Excessive exposure to gluten in children allergic to gluten can cause the child to be lower and thicker than the average healthy child but also can lead to anemia and damage to the tooth enamel.
Some experts argue that the removal of gluten from the diet can have a positive impact in children with autism, although this is still the subject of research.
Celiac disease symptoms in babies
Symptoms of this disease can occur at any time in the life of the child. Therefore, some children experience symptoms for the first time after they have been exposed to gluten. While other children develop symptoms later in life.
The first sign that the baby might have celiac disease can occur soon after the introduction of solid foods into the diet babies, such as cereals. An infant who began to consume food containing gluten may experience diarrhea and stomach pains and will stop gaining weight at a healthy clip.
The skin rash may also appear, especially on the elbows, buttocks, and knees. Therefore, over time, the child can develop anemia and lip sores, and may become withdrawn or irritable.
Symptoms of celiac disease in babies are:
- chronic diarrhea
- bloated stomach
- stomach pain
- skin rash
- reduced progression of weight loss